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How to Add Self-Assessment to Personal Tax Account

Updated: Dec 21, 2023

In the realm of taxation, the United Kingdom holds a prominent position for having a structured and organized system. A significant part of this system is the Self-Assessment tax, a mechanism that empowers individuals to report their income to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) and calculate their tax liabilities. This process is not only a statutory requirement for certain individuals and businesses but also a testimony to the transparent financial ecosystem in the UK.

How to Add Self-Assessment to Personal Tax Account

The Self-Assessment regime is a year-round affair, demanding meticulous record-keeping and a disciplined approach to meet deadlines. A pivotal step in this process is adding the Self-Assessment to your Personal Tax Account (PTA) on the HMRC website. This article aims to guide you through the steps involved in this crucial process, making your tax journey less daunting.

Key Changes and Criteria for Self-Assessment in 2023

In 2023, there have been several critical updates to the Self-Assessment criteria. These include an increase in the income threshold for filing a self-assessment tax return from £100,000 to £150,000, effective from the 2023/24 tax year, and plans to remove this threshold entirely from the 2024/25 tax year. Other unchanged criteria include self-employment income over £1,000, other untaxed income of £2,500 or more, and income from savings or investments over £10,000​.

Getting Acquainted With Self-Assessment

Self-Assessment isn't just a one-time event but an ongoing commitment. Before delving into the process of adding it to your Personal Tax Account, understanding its core is vital.

Eligibility: Not everyone is required to file a Self-Assessment tax return. You are obliged if you're self-employed, a partner in a business, or have other untaxed income.

Registration: If you fall into one of the categories that need to file a Self-Assessment, registration is your first port of call.

Understand the Prerequisites

Before venturing into adding Self-Assessment to your PTA, it's paramount to ensure you have the necessary prerequisites sorted:

Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR): Your UTR is a 10-digit number issued by HMRC, which is unique to you or your business. It's imperative for filing your Self-Assessment tax return.

National Insurance Number: This number is crucial for tax and benefit purposes. Ensure you have it handy.

Personal Details: Have your personal details ready, including your full name, address, and date of birth.

Financial Records: Ensure you have a comprehensive record of your income, expenses, and any tax reliefs or deductions you’re entitled to.

Setting the Stage: Your Personal Tax Account

If you haven't set up your PTA yet, now is the time to do so. Navigate to the HMRC website and follow the step-by-step process to create your account. You’ll need to provide basic personal and financial information during this process.

Updates in Making Tax Digital for Income Tax Self-Assessment (MTD for ITSA)

The Government has reiterated its commitment to modernising the UK tax system with the implementation of MTD for ITSA. This includes removing the requirement for End of Period Statements, changing the design of MTD for ITSA quarterly updates, enabling representation by more than one tax agent, and simplifying processes for landlords with jointly owned property. There are also specific exemptions and a modified penalty regime for participants in the MTD for ITSA pilot​​​​​.

Preparing to Add Self-Assessment to Your PTA

Before adding Self-Assessment to your PTA, ensure you have:

  • Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR): A 10-digit number unique to you or your business, crucial for filing your Self-Assessment tax return.

  • National Insurance Number: Necessary for tax and benefit purposes.

  • Personal Details: Full name, address, and date of birth.

  • Financial Records: Comprehensive records of your income, expenses, and any tax reliefs or deductions​.

Setting Up Your Personal Tax Account

If you haven’t set up your PTA, navigate to the HMRC website and follow the step-by-step process to create your account, providing basic personal and financial information​.

Adding Self-Assessment to Your PTA

Once your PTA is established, adding the Self-Assessment service involves several steps:

  1. Sign In to Your PTA: Access your account on the HMRC website.

  2. Locate the Self-Assessment Section: Find and click on ‘Add Self-Assessment’.

  3. Verify Your Identity: Provide necessary details like your UTR and National Insurance number.

  4. Inputting Financial Details: Enter details about your income, expenses, and any applicable tax reliefs or deductions.

  5. Review Your Information: Double-check all provided information for accuracy.

  6. Submit Your Details: Send your information to HMRC.

  7. Acknowledgement from HMRC: Wait for confirmation of receipt of your Self-Assessment details.

  8. Payment of Tax Due: If applicable, pay your tax liability through your PTA​.

Seeking Support and Embracing Digital Solutions

For assistance, HMRC offers support services like online guides and webinars. Tax professionals can provide tailored advice, and tax software solutions can streamline the process. Digital solutions offer accuracy and compliance in tax submissions​​​.

The Step-by-step Process of Adding Self-Assessment to Your PTA

Once your PTA is ready, it’s time to add the Self-Assessment service. Here's a detailed breakdown of the process:

Sign In to Your PTA:

· Navigate to the HMRC website login page.

· Click on the ‘Sign in’ button after entering your credentials to access your PTA.

Locate the Self-Assessment Section:

· Once logged in, look for the section titled 'Self-Assessment'.

· Click on ‘Add Self-Assessment’ to initiate the process.

Verify Your Identity:

· HMRC takes security seriously; hence, you'll be prompted to verify your identity.

· You may be asked to provide your UTR, National Insurance number, and possibly some other personal or financial information.

Inputting Financial Details:

· Now comes the crucial part where you need to input your financial details.

· Provide information regarding your income, including earnings from self-employment, rental income, dividends, and any other sources.

· Detail your allowable expenses, which could include costs incurred wholly and exclusively for your business or profession.

· If applicable, input information on any tax reliefs or deductions you’re entitled to.

Review Your Information:

· Before moving forward, take time to review all the information you’ve provided.

· Ensure that the figures are accurate and reflective of your financial standing for the tax year in question.

Submit Your Details:

· Once you’re satisfied with the accuracy of the information, proceed to submit your details.

· Click on the ‘Submit’ button to send your information to HMRC.

Acknowledgement from HMRC:

· After submission, you should receive an acknowledgment from HMRC, confirming the receipt of your Self-Assessment details.

Payment of Tax Due:

· If you have a tax liability, you’ll need to arrange for payment.

· Your PTA will show the amount of tax you owe, and you can pay directly through the portal.

· Utilizing Support Resources

· Should you find any part of the process challenging, numerous resources are available to guide you:

HMRC’s Support Services:

· HMRC provides a range of support services, including online guides, webinars, and a helpline.

Tax Professionals:

If the process seems daunting, consulting a tax professional can be invaluable. They can provide tailored advice and even manage the Self-Assessment process on your behalf.

Tax Software:

· Various tax software solutions are available that can streamline the process of adding Self-Assessment to your PTA. They can help in calculating your tax liability accurately and submitting your details to HMRC seamlessly.

The process of adding Self-Assessment to your Personal Tax Account is a critical step in ensuring compliance with UK tax laws. By following the outlined steps meticulously and leveraging available support resources, you can navigate this process with confidence, ensuring you meet your tax obligations accurately and timely.

Keeping Records

The UK tax law necessitates the keeping of accurate and complete records. This will not only make the process of adding Self-Assessment to your PTA smoother but also save you from potential penalties.

Seeking Professional Help

While the process of adding Self-Assessment to your PTA is designed to be user-friendly, tax laws can be intricate. Consulting a tax professional can provide you with the assurance that your tax affairs are in order.

Embracing Digital Solutions

Digitization has permeated the tax realm, with numerous software solutions available to aid in tax compliance. Employing such solutions can streamline the process of adding Self-Assessment to your PTA, ensuring accuracy and compliance.

Bridging the Gap: 2023 Updates on Adding Self-Assessment to Your Personal Tax Account in the UK

As we transcend into the digital age, tax compliance in the UK has seen a paradigm shift, with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) relentlessly working towards simplifying the tax submission process for taxpayers. The Personal Tax Account (PTA) on the HMRC website is a testimony to this endeavor, acting as a one-stop platform for managing tax affairs. Among the crucial features of PTA is the Self-Assessment service, which is indispensable for individuals and businesses with varied income sources. As we step into 2023, several updates have been rolled out to make the process of adding Self-Assessment to your PTA even more straightforward and user-friendly. This article delves into these updates, shedding light on what's new and how it impacts you.

Encouragement for Early Filing

HMRC has been encouraging taxpayers to file their Self-Assessment tax returns early. The benefits of early filing have been highlighted, promoting better tax management and reducing the last-minute rush that often leads to errors or omissions.

Change in Circumstances

A notable update is in regard to individuals experiencing a change in circumstances. If you've had a change in circumstances, you might need to complete a Self-Assessment tax return for the first time for the 2022 to 2023 tax year.

Rising Early Filers

Interestingly, the number of Self-Assessment customers choosing to file their tax returns on the first day of the tax year (6 April 2023) has more than doubled since 2018. This trend reflects a growing awareness and adaptability among taxpayers towards early filing.

Digital Record Keeping

A significant change that's been introduced is the mandate for digital record-keeping. All records are now required to be kept in a digital format which could be in the form of a bank feed, electronic invoices, or uploading photos of your paper records. This change aligns with the broader digitalization agenda and is aimed at enhancing accuracy and accessibility of tax records.

Adjustments in Self-Assessment Threshold

In an update released on 12th June 2023, there has been a modification in the Self-Assessment threshold. This change is aimed at reducing administrative burdens, lowering costs, and enhancing the efficiency of the Self-Assessment process. However, it's pivotal to note that this alteration does not affect the tax liability of those impacted, as income tax will still be applicable as per the prevailing rates.

Embracing the Change

These updates are a part of a broader initiative to simplify tax compliance and foster a culture of timely and accurate tax submissions. The emphasis on digital record-keeping not only streamlines the process but also paves the way for a transparent and accountable tax system.

Moreover, the encouragement for early filing and the adjustment in the Self-Assessment threshold are pragmatic steps that alleviate the bureaucratic hurdles, making tax compliance less daunting for the masses.

Wrapping Up

As you prepare to add Self-Assessment to your Personal Tax Account, being cognizant of these updates will ensure a smooth process. The shift towards digitalization, the emphasis on early filing, and the modifications in the Self-Assessment threshold are all geared towards creating a conducive environment for tax compliance. By adapting to these changes and utilizing the digital resources at your disposal, you are not only adhering to your tax obligations but also contributing towards a more efficient and transparent tax system in the UK.

Embarking on the Self-Assessment journey might seem overwhelming, but with the right preparation and adherence to guidelines, it’s an achievable task. Your Personal Tax Account is a valuable tool in this quest, providing a centralized platform for managing your tax affairs. By following the outlined steps to add Self-Assessment to your PTA, you are well on your way to mastering the UK’s tax system, contributing towards a transparent financial ecosystem.

Meeting Deadlines and Avoiding Penalties

  1. Paper Tax Return Deadline: If submitting a paper tax return, it must be done by midnight 31 October of the respective year.

  2. Online Tax Return Deadline: Online tax returns must be submitted by the specified deadline, typically 31 January following the end of the tax year.

Failing to meet these deadlines can result in penalties, so it’s crucial to be proactive and submit on time​.

Embracing Digital Record-Keeping

Digital record-keeping has become a mandate, enhancing the accuracy and accessibility of tax records. This includes bank feeds, electronic invoices, or photos of paper records. Adapting to this digital shift is critical for a streamlined Self-Assessment process​.

Adjusting to Changes in Self-Assessment Criteria

  1. Rising Income Threshold: For the 2023/24 tax year, the income threshold for filing a self-assessment tax return has increased from £100,000 to £150,000, and it will be removed altogether from the 2024/25 tax year.

  2. Other Unchanged Criteria: Criteria such as self-employment income over £1,000, other untaxed income of £2,500 or more, and income from savings or investments over £10,000 remain unchanged​.

  3. High Income Child Benefit Charge: Plans are underway to simplify this process, allowing employed taxpayers to pay the charge through their tax code without registering for self-assessment​.

Making Tax Digital for ITSA: What’s New

  1. Mandation Dates: The Government has confirmed mandation dates of April 2026 and April 2027 for MTD for ITSA for those with self-employed and/or property income over certain thresholds.

  2. Removal of End of Period Statements: This change simplifies the year-end process and reduces confusion.

  3. Cumulative Basis for Quarterly Updates: This change allows taxpayers to submit corrections as part of their next update within the same tax year.

  4. Representation by Multiple Tax Agents: Taxpayers can now be represented by more than one agent for different aspects of their tax affairs.

  5. Simplified Processes for Landlords: Processes for landlords with jointly owned property have been simplified to reduce administrative burdens​.

  6. Exemptions from MTD for ITSA: Specific exemptions include taxpayers without a National Insurance number and foster carers​.

  7. Modified Penalty Regime for Pilot Participants: A more lenient penalty regime will be introduced for MTD for ITSA pilot participants from April 2024​.

Utilizing Resources and Seeking Professional Help

  1. HMRC Support Services: HMRC provides various support services such as online guides and webinars to assist taxpayers.

  2. Consulting Tax Professionals: For complex cases, seeking advice from tax professionals can be invaluable.

  3. Tax Software Solutions: Various software solutions are available to aid in calculating tax liability and submitting details to HMRC​.

This detailed guide offers a thorough understanding of the process and recent updates in adding Self-Assessment to your Personal Tax Account in the UK. By following these steps, embracing digital solutions, and utilizing available resources, taxpayers can ensure a smooth and compliant tax submission experience.

Ensuring a Smooth Self-Assessment Process

  1. Start Early: Avoid the last-minute rush by starting your Self-Assessment process early. This approach helps in managing your tax affairs better and reduces the risk of errors or omissions.

  2. Keep Accurate and Complete Records: Maintaining detailed and accurate records is essential. This includes income sources, expenses, and any applicable tax reliefs or deductions. Digital record-keeping has become a mandate, so embrace this change for better accuracy and accessibility of your tax records​​​.

  3. Understand the Criteria: Be aware of the current Self-Assessment criteria, including the income threshold and other unchanged criteria like self-employment income and untaxed income limits. Keeping abreast of these criteria ensures that you are compliant with the latest tax regulations​.

  4. Meet Deadlines: Adhere to the deadlines for both paper and online tax returns to avoid penalties. Remember, the deadlines are typically 31 October for paper returns and 31 January following the end of the tax year for online returns​.

Leveraging HMRC Resources

  1. Utilize HMRC’s Online Tools and Guides: HMRC offers various online tools and guides that can be extremely helpful. These resources provide detailed instructions and answers to common queries.

  2. Participate in Webinars and Workshops: HMRC often conducts webinars and workshops to educate taxpayers about the Self-Assessment process and any new updates in the tax system.

Avoiding Common Mistakes

  1. Double-Check All Entries: Before submitting your Self-Assessment, review all information for accuracy. Common mistakes can include incorrect income figures, overlooking allowable expenses, or misunderstanding tax reliefs.

  2. Ensure Correct Payment of Tax Due: If you owe tax, make sure to arrange for payment through your PTA promptly. Keep track of any tax liabilities and deadlines to avoid interest or penalties​.

Preparing for Future Tax Years

  1. Plan Ahead: Look ahead to future tax years and plan accordingly. Stay informed about any changes in the tax system and how they might impact your tax situation.

  2. Consider the Long-Term Impact of Decisions: Decisions made in one tax year can have implications for future years. Consider the long-term impact of your financial decisions on your tax liabilities.

  3. Embrace Continuous Learning: Tax laws and regulations are dynamic. Continuously educating yourself about the tax system will help you stay compliant and optimize your tax situation.

How a Personal Tax Accountant Can Navigate Your Personal Tax Account in the UK

How a Personal Tax Accountant Can Navigate Your Personal Tax Account in the UK

In the complex landscape of taxation, managing your financial obligations can often feel like navigating through a maze. This is especially true in the UK, where the tax system, albeit structured, requires a meticulous approach to ensure compliance and optimize financial health. Enter the realm of personal tax accountants - the compass by which individuals and businesses can steer their tax affairs accurately. A personal tax accountant not only demystifies the tax code but also unlocks strategic avenues to manage your Personal Tax Account (PTA) efficiently on the HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) portal. This article delves into the multifaceted ways in which a personal tax accountant can be your ally in managing your PTA in the UK.

Tailored Tax Guidance:

Understanding Tax Liabilities

A personal tax accountant can help dissect your financial profile to accurately determine your tax liabilities. Their expertise spans understanding income sources, allowable deductions, and prevailing tax rates.

Tax Planning

Effective tax planning is a proactive approach to minimize tax liability. Your accountant can provide insights on tax-saving investments, allowances, and reliefs you're eligible for.

Navigating Self-Assessment:

Preparation and Submission

The self-assessment tax return is a critical component of the UK tax system for self-employed individuals and others with multiple income sources. An accountant can meticulously prepare and submit your self-assessment on your behalf through your PTA.

Claiming Allowances and Reliefs

There are various allowances and reliefs available that can significantly reduce your tax bill. An accountant can identify these opportunities and ensure they are claimed correctly in your self-assessment.

Digital Transition:

Digital Record-Keeping

With the shift towards digital record-keeping, managing digital records is paramount. An accountant can help in organizing your financial records digitally, ensuring they are easily accessible and compliant with HMRC requirements.

Utilizing Tax Software

Many tax accountants are proficient in using advanced tax software that can be integrated with your PTA. This facilitates accurate and efficient management of your tax affairs.

Compliance and Representation

Meeting Deadlines:

Tax deadlines are sacrosanct, and missing them can result in penalties. An accountant will ensure that all necessary filings and payments are made on time.

Representation Before HMRC:

In case of an audit or any inquiries from HMRC, having a personal tax accountant by your side can be invaluable. They can represent you, ensuring that all communications are handled professionally and effectively.

Future Financial Planning:

Retirement and Estate Planning

Your tax accountant can provide guidance on how to optimize your financial position for the long term, including retirement and estate planning which are intertwined with tax implications.

Business Advisory

If you're a business owner, an accountant can also provide advisory services, helping to align your business goals with your personal financial objectives.

Continuous Education and Updates:

Staying Abreast of Tax Laws

Tax laws are dynamic and can change annually. A personal tax accountant will keep you updated on any changes that might affect your tax position.

Educational Insights

By providing educational insights into the tax world, an accountant can empower you to make informed decisions regarding your financial affairs.

Summing Up

Engaging a personal tax accountant is an investment in achieving financial clarity and compliance. As they navigate through the intricacies of your Personal Tax Account, they not only ensure adherence to tax laws but also pave the way for financial optimization. With a personal tax accountant at your helm, you're equipped to traverse the tax landscape of the UK with informed confidence, ensuring that your financial voyage is both compliant and advantageous.

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