top of page
  • Writer's pictureMAZ

How Can I Make My Tax Digital in the UK?

Introduction to Making Tax Digital in the UK

In the digital era, managing taxation has evolved with the UK government introducing the Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative as a part of its Tax Administration Strategy. The primary objective behind this initiative is to streamline tax management processes for both individuals and businesses. By adopting digital methods in tax management, the government aims to reduce the tax gap, which is the difference between the amount of tax owed to the government and the amount it actually receives. This initiative is not only a step towards modernising the tax system, but it also brings numerous benefits to the taxpayers.

Introduction to Making Tax Digital in the UK

Understanding Making Tax Digital

Making Tax Digital was introduced to digitize the taxation process, making it easier, more efficient, and more accurate. This initiative requires businesses and individuals to:

  • Maintain digital records of their financial transactions.

  • Utilize software that is compatible with the Making Tax Digital system.

  • Submit tax updates quarterly, thus moving the tax system closer to real-time.

This move towards digitization helps in reducing errors that might occur when taxes are filed manually, thereby ensuring more accurate tax submissions.

Benefits of Making Tax Digital

The MTD initiative is designed to bring about various benefits. Here are some of the key advantages:

  • Streamlined Processes: Digital tax management simplifies the process of filing taxes. It reduces the time and effort required to manage tax affairs, making the process less burdensome for individuals and businesses.

  • Improved Accuracy: Digital record-keeping minimizes the chances of errors which are common in manual record-keeping. Accurate records ensure that the right amount of tax is paid.

  • Real-time Updates: The requirement to submit tax updates quarterly brings the tax system closer to real-time, allowing for more timely and accurate tax submissions.

  • Integration with Business Processes: MTD allows for the integration of tax management with other business processes through compatible software, thus promoting better business management.

Making Tax Digital for VAT

If you own a VAT registered business, it's now mandatory to keep digital records and file your tax returns using MTD compatible software. The HMRC will automatically sign up all remaining businesses to Making Tax Digital for VAT unless they are exempt or have applied for exemption. It's essential to find software that works with MTD for VAT and understand the step-by-step guide provided for transitioning to digital VAT submissions.

Making Tax Digital for Income Tax

For self-employed individuals or landlords, the requirements for Making Tax Digital for Income Tax will come into effect from 6 April 2026 if the annual business or property income is more than £50,000, and from April 2027 if the income is more than £30,000. Some businesses and agents have already transitioned to digital record-keeping and are providing updates to HMRC as part of a live pilot to test and develop the MTD for Income Tax. Individuals and businesses can voluntarily sign up for this initiative through their software provider and can use the step-by-step guides provided for a smooth transition.

Technical Aspects and Transition Steps to Making Tax Digital in the UK

With the digital transformation of the tax system in the UK, it's imperative for taxpayers, especially self-employed individuals, sole traders, and landlords to get acquainted with the Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative. This segment elaborates on the technical aspects and delineates the steps necessary to transition to MTD, ensuring seamless compliance with the UK tax authorities.

Technological Underpinning

The keystone of MTD is the utilization of digital technology to keep records and submit tax information. It necessitates the use of MTD-compatible software for recording business income and expenses, submitting quarterly summaries to HMRC, and finalising tax affairs at the end of the year​1​. The software serves as a conduit between taxpayers and HMRC, transmitting data directly to the tax authorities. The digitization not only minimizes the administrative burden but also furnishes regular estimates of the tax bill, aiding in better financial management without altering the tax payable amount​.

Eligibility and Compliance Timelines

MTD is rolled out in phases, with the ambit extending to self-employed individuals and landlords having income over certain thresholds. The mandate kicks in from 6 April 2026 for those with total income exceeding £50,000 and from 6 April 2027 for individuals with income surpassing £30,000​1​. The phased approach facilitates a smoother transition, allowing taxpayers ample time to adapt to the digital tax reporting system.

Transitioning to MTD: A Step-by-step Guide

Create an HMRC Online Account:
  • If you don’t have an HMRC online account, create one on the HMRC website.

  • Link your business to your HMRC account using your Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) and the National Insurance number or company registration number​.

Enrol for Making Tax Digital:
  • Select the taxes you want to submit digitally; most businesses will need to enrol for VAT under MTD if they’re above the VAT threshold​.

Choose MTD-Compatible Software:
  • Opt for accounting or bookkeeping software approved by HMRC for MTD submissions​

Set Up and Use MTD Software:
  • Install and set up the chosen software, link it to your HMRC account, and provide the necessary business information​.

Submit Digital VAT Returns:
  • Use the software to submit VAT returns digitally to HMRC, typically on a quarterly basis​.

Keep Digital Records:
  • Maintain digital records of your business transactions ensuring your chosen software facilitates easy record-keeping and data storage​.

Pay Any Tax Due:
  • After submitting your VAT return, ensure to pay any tax due to HMRC by the specified deadline​.

Stay Informed and Compliant:
  • Remain updated with any changes in MTD requirements and deadlines, as HMRC may introduce MTD for other taxes in the future​.

Heeding the Technical Requirements

Complying with MTD requires a paradigm shift from manual to digital record-keeping and tax reporting. Selecting the right software that aligns with HMRC's specifications is critical. The software should be adept at capturing and categorising income and expenses, preparing quarterly summaries, and submitting them to HMRC. Moreover, it should have features for attaching receipts and documents to transactions, thereby centralising all tax-related information in one place​.

Transitioning to MTD is a structured process that demands a blend of technological readiness and adherence to the specified guidelines by HMRC. By following the outlined steps and being cognizant of the technical requisites, taxpayers in the UK can ensure a smooth transition to the digital tax realm, aligning with the government's vision of modernising the tax system.

Navigating the Digital Tax Landscape Post-Transition

Transitioning to the Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative is a crucial step towards aligning with the modern tax administrative strategy in the UK. However, the journey doesn't end with the transition. Post-transition, taxpayers need to navigate through the digital tax landscape effectively to ensure compliance and reap the benefits of the digital tax system. This part delves into maintaining compliance, leveraging the advantages of digital tax management, and staying updated with evolving MTD requirements.

Maintaining Compliance

Regular Record-Keeping:
  • The essence of MTD lies in accurate and regular digital record-keeping. Ensure that all business transactions are recorded promptly in the MTD-compatible software.

Quarterly Submissions:
  • Submit summary data to HMRC every three months through the MTD software. This summary should encapsulate the business’s income and expenses.

Annual Submission:
  • At the end of the tax year, finalize your taxes by submitting any other income and adjusting your quarterly submissions, if necessary.

Paying Taxes:
  • Pay any taxes due in a timely manner. The digital tax system will provide a clearer picture of tax liabilities, aiding in better financial planning.

Leveraging Digital Tax Management Advantages

Real-Time Tax Overview:
  • With digital tax management, gain a real-time overview of your tax position, helping to manage finances better and plan for tax liabilities.

Reduced Errors:
  • The automated nature of digital record-keeping and submissions reduces the chances of errors, ensuring accurate tax reporting.

  • Save time spent on manual record-keeping and tax preparations. The streamlined process frees up time for other critical business activities.

Better Financial Insights:
  • The digital recording of financial transactions provides better insights into business performance, aiding in informed decision-making.

Staying Updated

Regularly Check HMRC Updates:
  • HMRC may introduce changes or new requirements for MTD. Regularly check for updates on the HMRC website or through your MTD software.

Engage in Continuous Learning:
  • Engage in learning opportunities to stay abreast of the best practices in digital tax management. This could include webinars, online courses, or consulting with tax professionals.

Join MTD Forums or Communities:
  • Join forums or communities focused on MTD to share experiences, learn from peers, and stay updated on the latest developments in digital tax management.

Preparing for Future Expansions

The UK government may expand the scope of MTD to other areas of tax in the future. Prepare for these expansions by:

Evaluating Other Digital Tax Solutions:
  • Explore other MTD-compatible software solutions that may cater to future expansions of MTD.

Maintaining a Flexible Approach:
  • Adopt a flexible approach to digital tax management to accommodate new MTD requirements as they are introduced.

Consulting Tax Professionals:
  • Engage with tax professionals to understand how future expansions of MTD might impact your tax management processes.

Navigating the digital tax landscape post-transition is about maintaining compliance, leveraging the advantages of digital tax management, and staying informed about evolving MTD requirements. By adopting a proactive and informed approach, taxpayers can ensure smooth sailing in the digital tax domain, aligning with the UK's modern tax administrative vision while also benefiting from streamlined tax management processes.

Transitioning to Digital: Selecting the Right Accounting Software

As the UK marches forward with the Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative, the choice of accounting software is a pivotal decision for businesses and tax professionals. The right software not only ensures seamless compliance with MTD regulations but can also significantly enhance financial management efficiency. This article delves into various accounting software options, examining their features, pricing, and suitability for different business needs.

QuickBooks: A Comprehensive Solution

QuickBooks, developed by Intuit, stands as a popular choice among UK businesses for its comprehensive features and MTD compatibility. It offers a range of packages catering to freelancers, small businesses, and VAT-registered companies. The basic Self Assessment package, ideal for freelancers, starts at £8+VAT per month, while packages for small businesses and VAT-registered companies start at £12+VAT per month. QuickBooks facilitates VAT and payroll management, and also provides an array of reporting and monitoring tools. The software's cloud-based nature allows integration with over 700 third-party applications, reducing time spent on data entry and payroll processing​.

Sage Business Cloud Accounting: Enterprise-Grade Features

Sage Business Cloud Accounting emerges as a robust solution, especially for small businesses. Priced from £12 a month, it encompasses essential features like invoicing, cash flow management, and payroll processing. Sage, being a significant enterprise software provider, ensures that its cloud accounting software aligns with the MTD requirements, making it a reliable choice for businesses transitioning to digital tax management​.

FreeAgent: Tailored for Freelancers and Small Businesses

FreeAgent focuses on daily administrative tasks like invoicing, time tracking, and expense management, making it a suitable choice for freelancers and small enterprises. With pricing starting at £19 a month for sole traders and £29 a month for limited companies, FreeAgent offers a cloud accounting package that has been compliant with MTD regulations, even submitting digital VAT returns to HMRC since 2010​.

Xero: A Versatile Contender

Xero provides a comprehensive suite of features including invoicing, inventory management, payroll processing, and expense claims. It also facilitates the import of banking, credit card, and PayPal data for streamlined financial management. Starting at £14 a month, Xero offers a package that allows VAT submission to HMRC for MTD compliance, making it a balanced choice for varied business needs​.

Zoho Books: Budget-Friendly Option

For those on a tight budget, Zoho Books, starting at £10 a month, presents a cost-effective solution. It helps in issuing invoices, sorting expenses, and tracking inventory. Despite its budget-friendly pricing, Zoho Books doesn’t compromise on MTD compliance, providing real-time updates on cash flow and offering a free trial for those wishing to test the waters before committing​.

FreshBooks: User-Friendly Interface

FreshBooks caters to freelancers and small businesses with basic accounting needs. Priced from £11 a month, it emphasizes a user-friendly interface and focuses on invoicing and expense tracking. FreshBooks integrates with apps like PayPal and Zendesk, ensuring a holistic approach to managing finances while staying compliant with MTD regulations​.


The transition to Making Tax Digital in the UK necessitates a careful selection of accounting software. The choice would largely depend on the specific needs of a business, the size of the operation, and the budget allocated for accounting software. While QuickBooks and Sage Business Cloud Accounting offer a broad spectrum of features suitable for diverse business needs, FreeAgent, Xero, Zoho Books, and FreshBooks provide alternatives catering to different budget ranges and business sizes. Each of these software options comes with its unique set of features, and a thorough evaluation is essential to ensure a smooth transition to digital tax management in the MTD era.

The Role of an MTD Accountant

Delving Into the Digital Tax Realm: The Role of an MTD Accountant

The transition to the Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative by the UK government marks a significant shift in how individuals and businesses manage their tax affairs. While technology is at the forefront of this transformation, the expertise and guidance of an MTD Accountant can be indispensable. This article explores how an MTD Accountant can facilitate a smooth transition to digital tax management, ensuring compliance and optimizing tax efficiency.

Expert Navigation through Transition

Guidance on MTD Requirements:
  • An MTD Accountant can provide clarity on the MTD regulations, eligibility criteria, and the phased rollout plan, ensuring that you are well-informed about the initiative.

Customized Transition Plan:
  • They can devise a tailored transition plan aligning with your specific business circumstances, ensuring a seamless shift to digital tax management.

Technical Setup and Software Selection:
  • Assist in selecting the right MTD-compatible software that suits your business needs, and help set it up to sync with HMRC systems for accurate tax submissions.

Ensuring Compliance

Digital Record-Keeping:
  • An MTD Accountant can help set up systematic digital record-keeping processes, ensuring all financial transactions are accurately captured and categorized.

Quarterly and Annual Submissions:
  • Guide you through the process of preparing and submitting quarterly summaries and finalizing annual tax submissions, ensuring timely and accurate compliance.

Tax Liability Assessment:
  • Provide a clear understanding of your tax liabilities, helping to plan and manage your finances better.

Leveraging Digital Advantages

Real-Time Financial Insights:
  • With digital tax management, real-time financial data is at your fingertips. An MTD Accountant can help interpret this data, providing valuable insights into your financial position and business performance.

Efficient Tax Planning:
  • Utilize the digital data to formulate effective tax planning strategies, identifying tax-saving opportunities and optimizing tax efficiency.

Automated Processes:
  • Help in automating routine tax management processes, saving time and reducing the administrative burden.

Resolving Complexities

Tax Discrepancies Resolution:
  • In case of discrepancies or queries from HMRC, an MTD Accountant can act as your representative, providing necessary clarifications and resolving issues.

Customized Tax Advice:
  • Offer bespoke tax advice based on your business model, industry, and financial data, ensuring that you are making informed tax decisions.

Audit Preparation:
  • Assist in preparing for tax audits by ensuring that your digital records are accurate, complete, and compliant with MTD requirements.

Staying Ahead

Continuous Updates:
  • MTD Accountants stay updated on the latest tax laws, MTD updates, and best practices, ensuring that you are always a step ahead in compliance.

Training and Support:
  • Provide training on using MTD software efficiently and offer ongoing support to ensure you are comfortable with the digital tax management system.

Future-Ready Approach:
  • Guide on how to stay prepared for potential expansions of MTD to other areas of tax, ensuring a future-ready approach to tax management.


The journey through the digital tax landscape of the UK under the Making Tax Digital initiative can be complex and daunting. However, with the right guidance from an MTD Accountant, the transition can be smooth and beneficial. Their expertise not only ensures compliance but also leverages the advantages of digital tax management to optimize tax efficiency and provide a clearer financial outlook. Engaging an MTD Accountant is a prudent step towards successfully navigating the MTD transition while positioning oneself or one’s business for a robust financial future in the digital age.


6 views0 comments


bottom of page