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What Is HMRC NRL1 Form in the UK?

Updated: Jan 10

The NRL1 form is a document used by non-resident individual landlords in the UK to apply for the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS). This scheme, managed by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), allows qualifying landlords living outside the UK to receive rental income from UK properties without the deduction of UK tax at source. The form requires details about the landlord, their UK property, and tax affairs. Approval through the NRL1 form necessitates landlords to self-assess and pay any due taxes on this income, ensuring compliance with UK tax obligations.

What Is HMRC NRL1 Form in the UK

What is the NRL Tax in the UK?

The Non-Resident Landlord (NRL) tax in the UK is a specific taxation scheme that applies to landlords who earn rental income from properties in the UK but whose usual place of abode is outside the UK. This scheme is governed by the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS), which was introduced by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). The NRL tax affects individuals, trustees, companies, and partnerships who are renting out property in the UK while living abroad. The key aspects of this tax regime, its implications for non-resident landlords, and the procedures involved are crucial for understanding its impact on rental income from UK properties.


Definition and Scope of the NRL Tax

The NRL tax refers to the tax obligations on rental income earned from UK properties by landlords who are not resident in the UK. Under the NRLS, a non-resident landlord is someone whose 'usual place of abode' is outside the UK. This definition is broad and includes UK citizens who are temporarily working abroad, members of the armed forces stationed overseas, or any individual or entity residing outside the UK but earning rental income from a UK property.


Tax Obligations under the NRL Scheme

The primary requirement under the NRLS is that UK rental income earned by non-resident landlords is subject to UK tax. The default mechanism under the scheme is that the tenant, or the letting agent if there is one, must deduct basic rate tax (currently 20%) from the rental income before passing it to the landlord. This deduction is meant to ensure that tax on the rental income is collected and paid to HMRC.


Applying for Approval to Receive Rental Income Gross

Non-resident landlords can apply to HMRC for approval to receive their rental income without deduction of UK tax. To be eligible for this, landlords must ensure that their UK tax affairs are up to date. This could include having no outstanding tax obligations or being compliant with UK tax regulations in previous tax years. Upon approval, HMRC informs the tenant or letting agent in writing, authorizing them to pay the rent to the landlord without deducting tax.


Compliance and Reporting

Landlords who are approved to receive their rental income gross are still subject to UK tax on this income. They must include it in their annual self-assessment tax returns. This responsibility underscores the importance of maintaining accurate records of rental income and any allowable expenses that can be deducted for tax purposes.


NRLS for Different Entities


The NRLS covers various types of landlords:

  • Individuals: Private landlords who own property in the UK but live abroad.

  • Companies: Corporate entities that own UK property but are based outside of the UK.

  • Trustees: Trusts with property assets in the UK but managed by trustees residing outside the UK.

  • Partnerships: Partnership entities with property investments in the UK but operating from abroad.


Special Cases

There are special provisions within the NRLS for different scenarios. For example, in the case of joint property ownership, each owner is treated as a separate landlord and must individually apply for approval to receive rental income without tax deduction. Additionally, the NRLS makes special considerations for payments made by cheque, determining the date of income receipt based on when the cheque is deposited or mailed, rather than when it clears.


International Tax Considerations

Non-resident landlords may also be subject to tax obligations in their country of residence. This situation can lead to potential double taxation, where the same income is taxed in both the UK and the landlord’s country of residence. To mitigate this, the UK has double taxation agreements with many countries, which may allow landlords to offset tax paid in one country against their tax liabilities in another.

The NRL tax in the UK is a crucial consideration for anyone earning rental income from UK properties while residing abroad. Understanding the NRLS, its requirements, and how it interacts with international tax laws is essential for effective tax planning and compliance. Non-resident landlords must navigate this scheme carefully to ensure they meet their UK tax obligations while managing their rental properties efficiently.

Understanding the Non-Resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS)

The Non-Resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS) is a UK tax scheme that governs the taxation of rental income earned from UK properties by landlords whose usual place of abode is outside the UK. This comprehensive overview covers the scheme's purpose, operation, compliance requirements, and implications for non-resident landlords, tenants, and letting agents.


Purpose of NRLS

The NRLS is designed to ensure that tax on rental income earned from UK properties by non-resident landlords is correctly collected and remitted to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). The scheme recognizes the challenges in collecting taxes from individuals not residing within the UK and establishes a system to manage this effectively.


Who is a Non-Resident Landlord?

A non-resident landlord under NRLS is an individual, a trustee, a company, or a partnership that has a usual place of abode outside the UK and earns rental income from UK property. This includes UK citizens working or living abroad, as well as foreign nationals owning UK property.


Tax Deduction at Source

The fundamental principle of NRLS is the deduction of basic rate tax (currently 20%) from the rental income by either the tenant or the letting agent before it is passed on to the landlord. This ensures that a portion of the income is set aside for tax purposes and directly remitted to HMRC.


Application for Gross Rental Income

Non-resident landlords can apply to receive their rental income without tax deduction at source. This involves submitting an NRL1 form (for individuals), NRL2 (for companies), or NRL3 (for trustees) to HMRC. Approval is granted if the landlord's UK tax affairs are in order, including being up-to-date on tax obligations or having no prior UK tax liabilities.


Responsibilities of Letting Agents and Tenants

If a non-resident landlord uses a letting agent, the agent is responsible for deducting tax from the rental income and paying it to HMRC. If the landlord does not use an agent, the tenant assumes this responsibility, provided the rent exceeds £100 per week. Letting agents and tenants must register with the NRLS and adhere to its reporting and payment requirements.


Compliance and Reporting

Upon approval to receive rental income gross, landlords are still obligated to declare this income in their UK tax returns. They must complete a self-assessment tax return each year, declaring their rental income and claiming any allowable expenses.


Impact of NRLS on Tax Liabilities

Approval to receive rental income gross does not exempt the landlord from UK tax. It simply changes the method of tax payment, requiring the landlord to self-assess and remit any due tax. This approach can be beneficial for landlords who have deductible expenses, as it allows them to offset their income against these expenses before calculating their tax liability.


Double Taxation Agreements

For non-resident landlords residing in countries that have a double taxation agreement with the UK, the NRLS takes into account these agreements to prevent income from being taxed in both countries. This can reduce the overall tax burden for landlords who would otherwise face taxation in two jurisdictions.


Special Provisions and Exemptions

Certain categories of non-resident landlords may be exempt from NRLS. For instance, landlords who are members of the UK armed forces or diplomatic service may have different tax treatments. Additionally, landlords from countries with specific tax treaties with the UK may also have unique provisions under the NRLS.


Record Keeping and Administration

Both non-resident landlords and their agents or tenants must maintain accurate records of income and tax deductions. This includes keeping copies of NRL forms submitted, records of rental income received, tax deducted, and any communications with HMRC.


Changes in Circumstances

Landlords must inform HMRC of any changes in their circumstances that could affect their NRLS status. This includes changes in residency status, property ownership, or rental arrangements.


Penalties and Non-Compliance

Failure to comply with NRLS requirements can result in penalties. This includes failing to register with the scheme, not deducting the correct amount of tax, or late payments of tax to HMRC. Ensuring compliance is crucial to avoid these penalties.


Technology and Digital Compliance

HMRC encourages the use of digital platforms for the submission of NRL forms and tax returns. This makes it easier for non-resident landlords and their agents to comply with the requirements of NRLS, regardless of their location.


The Non-Resident Landlord Scheme is a vital component of the UK's tax system, ensuring that non-resident landlords meet their tax obligations on rental income from UK properties. Understanding the NRLS, its requirements, and the responsibilities it places on landlords, tenants, and letting agents is essential for compliance and effective management of rental properties in the UK. By adhering to these guidelines, non-resident landlords can ensure they are managing their properties efficiently and in accordance with UK tax regulations.


Non-Resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS) - An In-depth Insight

The HMRC NRL1 Form is a critical component of the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS) in the UK, designed for individuals who earn rental income from UK properties but reside outside the UK. The NRLS taxes the UK rental income of non-resident landlords, defined as individuals, companies, trustees, or partnerships with UK rental income and whose usual place of abode is outside the UK​.


Eligibility and Application

Non-resident landlords can apply for the NRL1 Form to have their UK rental income paid without UK tax deduction. This is crucial as typically, letting agents or tenants must deduct tax when paying rent to non-resident landlords. The form is available for application online or via post​.

For individuals, an absence from the UK for 6 months or more usually indicates a usual place of abode outside the UK. Companies are considered non-resident if they are incorporated outside the UK but pay Corporation Tax for a UK branch. Trusts are treated as non-resident if all trustees live outside the UK.


NRLS Operation

Letting agents must deduct tax from the rental income of non-resident landlords and pay this tax to HMRC. However, if a landlord is approved by HMRC, the rental income can be received without tax deduction. Approval is granted if the landlord's UK tax affairs are up to date or if they have never had UK tax obligations. The scheme operates quarterly, aligning with the UK tax year from April 1 to March 31​.


Tax Deduction and Reporting

If you are a letting agent or tenant required to use NRLS, you must calculate and report tax each quarter, considering all rental income received or paid, including for periods outside the quarter. Rental income for NRLS purposes includes a variety of receipts from both furnished and unfurnished properties, as well as income from other related activities like ground rents and income from allowing the use of the land.


NRLS for Different Entities

The NRLS treats spouses or civil partners who jointly own a UK property and live abroad as separate landlords, requiring each to complete a separate NRL1 form. Similarly, members of HM Armed Forces and Crown Servants are subject to NRLS if their usual place of abode is outside the UK.


Application Process

Landlords leaving the UK should apply no more than 3 months before departure. The application must be made on specific forms depending on the applicant's status (individual, company, or trustee). Identity verification is required, and landlords must provide their UK tax reference number and, if applicable, their National Insurance number​​​​.


Approval and Refusal of Applications

HMRC approves applications if the landlord is likely to meet UK tax obligations. However, approval does not exempt rental income from UK tax. Refusal can occur if the information provided is incorrect or if HMRC doubts the landlord's commitment to UK tax obligations. Landlords can appeal against refusals within 90 days.


Changes and Withdrawal of Approval

Approval can be withdrawn if HMRC finds inaccuracies in the application or if the landlord fails to meet tax obligations. Letting agents and tenants must be notified of any changes in approval status. In cases where a non-resident landlord dies, the approval does not apply, and new payees must apply for their own approval.


Special Provisions

Under the UK and Republic of Ireland Double Taxation Convention, certain Irish tax-exempt landlords, like charities and superannuation schemes, do not need to pay UK tax on their rental income.

Detailed Overview of HMRC NRL1 Form Procedures and Considerations


NRL1 Form Submission and Processing

The NRL1 form, integral to the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS), must be submitted to HMRC to receive UK rental income without tax deductions. This submission can be done online or by post. A PDF format of the NRL1 form is also available (but not used anymore). The online application process requires a Government Gateway user ID and password. For postal applications, an interactive online form must be completed using Adobe Reader, then printed and posted. This method is necessary when authorizing an agent to complete the form on the landlord's behalf, accompanied by a completed 64-8 Agent Authorisation form.

How to Fill NRL1 Form - A Step-by-Step Guide

Filling out the NRL1 form is a crucial process for non-resident landlords in the UK to receive rental income without the deduction of UK tax. This guide provides a step-by-step approach to completing the form accurately.

1. Understanding the Form

The NRL1 form is specifically for individual non-resident landlords. It's used to apply for the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS), allowing UK rental income to be paid gross (without tax deduction). The form requires detailed personal information, property details, and tax-related information.

2. Personal Information

  • Title, Surname, and Forenames: Provide your full name, starting with your title (Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms, etc.), surname, and forenames. Use capital letters for clarity.

  • Residential and Correspondence Address: Enter your residential address overseas. If you have a separate correspondence address, include that as well.

  • National Insurance Number: If you have a UK National Insurance number, provide it here.

  • Tax Adviser's Details: If you have a tax adviser, provide their full name, address, and contact details. This is optional but can be helpful if you want HMRC to liaise with them directly.

3. Property and Rental Income Details

  • Letting Agent or Tenant Details: Provide the name and address of your UK letting agent or, if you don’t have one, your tenant. Include details of any other agents or tenants from whom you wish to receive rental income gross.

  • UK Rental Income: State the approximate annual amount of your UK rental income before and after deductions.

  • Property Address: Specify the address of the UK property from which you receive rent. If you have more than one property, attach a separate sheet listing all properties.

4. Tax-Related Information

  • Previous HMRC Office: If you’ve dealt with a specific HMRC office in the past, mention its name.

  • Tax Reference: If you have a UK tax reference or fill in a self-assessment tax return, provide the reference number.

  • Rental Business Start Date: Indicate when you started receiving rental income from your UK property.

  • Nationality and Date of Birth: Provide your nationality and date of birth.

  • Length of Stay Outside the UK: Indicate how long you plan to stay outside the UK.

  • UK Tax Allowances: State whether you believe you are entitled to UK personal tax allowances.

  • Other UK Income Sources: If you have other UK income sources besides rent, provide brief details.

5. Compliance Declarations

  • Tax Obligations and Expectations: Tick the relevant boxes to declare that your UK tax affairs are up to date, you haven’t had any UK tax obligations before this application, or you don’t expect to be liable to UK income tax for the current tax year.

  • Undertakings: Agree to notify HMRC if your usual place of abode ceases to be outside the UK, to comply with UK tax obligations, and to inform HMRC if you expect to become liable to UK tax.

6. Signing the Form

Ensure you sign and date the form, confirming the information provided is accurate to the best of your knowledge and belief. This is a declaration of your compliance with the NRLS requirements.

7. Submission

After completing the form, submit it to the address provided on the form. If your main HMRC office is Public Department 1, a different address is specified for submission.

8. What Happens Next

After submission, HMRC will review your application and notify you of the approval or if further information is needed. Remember, incomplete applications cannot be backdated for approval.

9. Keeping Copies

Always keep a copy of the completed form and any correspondence for your records. This will be useful for future reference, especially in dealings with HMRC.

Accurately completing the NRL1 form is vital for non-resident landlords to manage their UK property rental income efficiently. Understanding each section and providing precise information will ensure a smoother application process and compliance with the NRLS.


Options for Using a Letting Agent

Landlords using UK letting agents have two primary options under the NRLS:

  1. Allow the letting agent to withhold tax: Letting agents are legally obligated to withhold tax on behalf of non-resident landlords unless HMRC has provided explicit approval otherwise. This involves a 20% tax deduction on rental income, regardless of the amount. The letting agent must join NRLS by submitting an NRL4i form within 30 days of tenancy commencement.

  2. Register to receive rent without tax deduction: This option allows landlords to manage their own tax affairs. Landlords must submit an NRL1i form to HMRC and declare rental income on their self-assessment return at the tax year's end. Approval requires being up-to-date with UK tax obligations or having no prior UK tax obligations.


Handling Without a Letting Agent

If a non-resident landlord operates without a letting agent, the tenant is responsible for withholding 20% of the monthly rent for tax purposes, applicable for rents over £100 a week. Tenants must register with the NRLS within 30 days and remit the deducted amount to HMRC quarterly. At the end of the tax year, they must submit an NRLY form to HMRC and an NRL6 form to the landlord.


Rental Income Definition for NRLS

For NRLS purposes, rental income encompasses various receipts from land and property. This includes income from letting both furnished and unfurnished premises, commercial and domestic properties, and land. It also covers separate sums for furniture use, ground rents, premiums on certain leases, income from sporting rights, and other ancillary sources of income.


Deductible Expenses in NRLS

In calculating tax due under NRLS, letting agents and tenants must consider deductible expenses paid on behalf of the landlord. These expenses must be ‘reasonably satisfied’ as allowable in calculating the landlord’s rental business profits. Such expenses include typical property management costs, repairs, and maintenance expenses.


Tax Considerations for Rental Income

When handling rental income under NRLS, it's essential to include all income received or paid within the quarter, even if it relates to a different period. Tax should not be calculated on income due but not paid within the quarter. This approach ensures that tax calculations accurately reflect the actual financial transactions within each quarter.


Special Cases in NRLS

The NRLS has provisions for specific scenarios, such as when dealing with rental income paid by cheque. For letting agents, the income is considered received on the day the cheque is banked, not when it is cleared. For tenants paying by cheque, the payment date is the day the cheque is sent to the landlord, not when it is cashed or cleared.


Approval and Compliance Monitoring

HMRC closely monitors compliance with NRLS requirements and can withdraw approval if a landlord fails to meet their UK tax obligations or provides incorrect information. This withdrawal is communicated to the relevant parties, and tax deductions from rental income must commence from the specified date of withdrawal. Letting agents and tenants must be vigilant about changes in a landlord's approval status to ensure compliance with NRLS regulations.

Advanced Considerations and Compliance in the HMRC NRL1 Form Context


Compliance and Monitoring in the NRLS

Ensuring compliance with the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS) is a key responsibility for both letting agents and tenants. They must be attentive to the NRLS's requirements, including the accurate calculation of tax on rental income and timely reporting to HMRC. Additionally, it's crucial to be aware of any changes in a landlord's approval status under the NRLS, as this affects the tax deduction process. HMRC maintains the right to withdraw approval if a landlord fails to adhere to their tax obligations or if the information provided is found to be incorrect. In such cases, letting agents and tenants must adjust their practices accordingly and commence tax deductions from the rental income.


Dealing with Special Cases

The NRLS accommodates various scenarios, including instances involving payment by cheque and changes in letting agents or tenants. For rental income paid by cheque, the date of receipt or payment is determined by the banking or mailing date, not when the cheque is cleared. In cases of changes in letting agents or tenants, the new party must be informed of the landlord's approval status to ensure proper tax treatment of the rental income.


Impact of Landlord's Death

In the event of a non-resident landlord's death, the NRLS requires special handling. The approval to pay rent without tax deductions becomes void upon the landlord's death. The new recipient of the rent, whether a UK executor or the landlord's surviving spouse with approval notice, must apply for their own HMRC approval to continue receiving rent without tax deduction. This ensures that rental income is appropriately taxed in accordance with the landlord's change in circumstances.


International Tax Considerations

The NRLS also interacts with international tax agreements, such as the UK and Republic of Ireland Double Taxation Convention. Under this convention, certain Irish tax-exempt landlords, like charities and pension businesses, are not required to pay UK tax on their rental income. This highlights the importance of considering international tax laws and agreements when dealing with rental income under the NRLS.


Advanced Tax Planning for Non-Resident Landlords

For non-resident landlords, advanced tax planning is vital to maximize tax efficiency and compliance. Understanding the intricacies of NRLS and its implications on their UK rental income is crucial. They must keep abreast of changes in tax laws and ensure their tax affairs are up to date. This includes timely submission of the NRL1 form, accurate reporting of rental income, and adherence to HMRC's compliance requirements.

The HMRC NRL1 form and the Non-resident Landlord Scheme represent a complex but essential aspect of UK tax law for landlords residing outside the UK. It requires careful attention to detail, compliance with specific procedures, and awareness of changes in tax legislation. By understanding and adhering to the NRLS requirements, non-resident landlords, letting agents, and tenants can ensure they are managing UK rental income efficiently and in accordance with UK tax regulations. This not only helps in avoiding penalties but also ensures a streamlined process for handling rental income from UK properties, benefiting all parties involved in the property rental market.


What Other HMRC Forms Are Used For NRL Tax In The UK And What Are Their Purposes?

Apart from the NRL1 form, there are several other forms associated with the Non-Resident Landlord (NRL) Tax scheme in the UK, each serving a specific purpose within the framework of the scheme. Understanding these forms is crucial for non-resident landlords, tenants, and letting agents to ensure compliance with the UK tax regulations.


  1. NRL2 Form: This form is for non-resident corporate landlords. Companies that are not based in the UK but have rental income from UK property use this form to apply to receive their rental income without deduction of UK tax at the source. It is part of the application process to HMRC to get approved as a non-resident landlord under the NRL scheme.

  2. NRL3 Form: This form is intended for non-resident trustees. Trustees of a trust with UK rental income, where the trust is managed by trustees whose usual place of abode is outside the UK, must use this form. Like the NRL1 and NRL2 forms, the NRL3 form is part of the application to receive rental income without the deduction of tax at source.

  3. NRL4 Form: The NRL4 form is used by letting agents. This form is to be submitted to HMRC when a letting agent starts to act for a non-resident landlord. It notifies HMRC that the letting agent is managing properties on behalf of a non-resident landlord and will be handling the tax affairs in line with the NRL scheme.

  4. NRL5 Form: This form is used by letting agents or tenants to register with HMRC when they are paying rent directly to a non-resident landlord who has not received approval from HMRC to receive their rent without deduction of tax. It's a crucial form to ensure that tax obligations are being met by agents or tenants under the NRL scheme.

  5. NRL6 Form: This form is a statement provided by the letting agent or tenant to HMRC and the non-resident landlord. It details the amount of income paid to the landlord and the tax taken off from this income. This form is used when the landlord has not been approved by HMRC to receive their rental income gross.

  6. NRLY Form: This is an annual summary return used by letting agents or tenants. It needs to be submitted to HMRC at the end of each tax year. The NRLY form summarizes the total rental income paid to the non-resident landlord and the total tax deducted during the year.

  7. NRL8 Form: This form is used when a non-resident landlord who was previously receiving their rental income with tax deducted at source becomes approved to receive their rental income gross. The NRL8 form is issued by HMRC to the letting agent or tenant, instructing them to stop deducting tax from rental payments.


Each of these forms plays a vital role in the administration and compliance of the Non-Resident Landlord Scheme. Non-resident landlords, along with their tenants or letting agents, should be familiar with these forms to ensure they are fulfilling their tax obligations correctly under the UK tax law.


Understanding the Role of a Landlord Tax Accountant in Managing NRL Tax in the UK

Understanding the Role of a Landlord Tax Accountant in Managing NRL Tax in the UK

The Non-Resident Landlord (NRL) tax regime in the UK presents unique challenges and obligations for landlords who reside outside the UK but earn rental income from UK properties. Navigating the complexities of this tax system can be daunting, and this is where a landlord tax accountant becomes invaluable. Specializing in property taxation, these professionals offer expertise in managing NRL tax affairs, ensuring compliance, and optimizing tax efficiency.


Expert Guidance on NRL Tax Obligations

A landlord tax accountant can provide expert advice on the specific tax obligations under the Non-resident Landlord Scheme (NRLS). They help landlords understand their tax liabilities, including the need for tenants or letting agents to deduct tax from rental income, and the circumstances under which landlords can receive rental income gross.


Assistance with HMRC Approval Process

One of the key services offered by a landlord tax accountant is assistance in applying for HMRC approval to receive rental income without tax deduction. This involves preparing and submitting the NRL1 form, ensuring all information is accurate and compliant with HMRC requirements. The accountant’s expertise can streamline this process, reducing the likelihood of errors or delays.


Tax Compliance and Reporting

Landlord tax accountants assist in maintaining compliance with UK tax laws. They help landlords navigate the complexities of filing tax returns, including declaring rental income and claiming allowable expenses. This ensures that landlords not only comply with their tax obligations but also take advantage of any tax reliefs or deductions available to them.


Strategic Tax Planning

An experienced landlord tax accountant can provide strategic advice on tax planning, helping landlords to structure their rental business in the most tax-efficient way. This could involve advising on the most beneficial ownership structure, whether as an individual, through a company, or a trust, and the associated tax implications of each.


Handling Double Taxation Issues

For non-resident landlords, there is a risk of double taxation - being taxed in the UK and in their country of residence. A landlord tax accountant can help navigate the intricacies of double taxation agreements between the UK and other countries, ensuring landlords do not pay more tax than necessary.


Keeping Up with Tax Law Changes

Tax laws are constantly evolving, and keeping abreast of these changes is crucial. A landlord tax accountant stays updated on the latest tax regulations and how they impact non-resident landlords. They can advise on new tax rules, ensuring landlords are compliant and aware of any new opportunities or obligations.


Assisting with HMRC Enquiries and Investigations

If a landlord faces an HMRC enquiry or investigation, a tax accountant with expertise in landlord taxation can provide invaluable support. They can liaise with HMRC on the landlord’s behalf, help prepare the necessary documentation, and provide advice throughout the process.


Dealing with Complex Tax Situations

Non-resident landlords may face complex tax situations, such as owning multiple properties, participating in joint ventures, or dealing with inheritance and capital gains tax issues. A landlord tax accountant has the expertise to deal with these complexities, providing tailored advice to each unique situation.


Technology and Efficiency

Many landlord tax accountants leverage modern accounting technologies to provide efficient services. This includes using online platforms for document sharing, tax calculation tools, and digital communication, making it easier for landlords living abroad to manage their UK tax affairs.


Education and Empowerment

Beyond just managing tax affairs, a good landlord tax accountant educates their clients about tax matters. This empowerment enables landlords to make informed decisions about their property investments and understand the tax implications of their actions.


For non-resident landlords grappling with the complexities of NRL tax in the UK, a landlord tax accountant is an indispensable resource. Their expertise in tax law, strategic planning, compliance, and dealing with HMRC makes them a valuable partner in managing rental properties efficiently and profitably. By leveraging their services, landlords can navigate the NRLS with confidence, ensuring they meet their tax obligations while optimizing their tax position.

FAQs about the NRL1 Form


Q1: What is the NRL1 form used for in the UK?

A: The NRL1 form is used by non-resident individual landlords to apply for receiving their UK rental income without deduction of UK tax at source.

Q2: Who needs to complete the NRL1 form?

A: Individual landlords who reside outside the UK and earn rental income from UK properties need to complete the NRL1 form.

Q3: Can I submit the NRL1 form online?

 A: Yes, the NRL1 form can be submitted online through the HMRC website or can be downloaded for postal submission.

Q4: Is there a deadline for submitting the NRL1 form?

A: There is no specific deadline, but it's advisable to submit the form before you start receiving rental income to ensure the correct tax treatment from the outset.

Q5: What information is required to fill out the NRL1 form?

A: The NRL1 form requires personal details, information about your UK property, and details of your UK tax affairs.

Q6: How long does it take for HMRC to process the NRL1 form?

A: Processing times can vary, but typically it takes several weeks for HMRC to process the NRL1 form.

Q7: What happens if I don’t submit the NRL1 form?

A: If you don’t submit the NRL1 form, your tenants or letting agents are required to deduct tax from your rental income at the basic rate and pay it to HMRC.

Q8: Can I apply for the NRL1 scheme if I have joint ownership of the property?

A: Yes, but each joint owner needs to apply separately using their own NRL1 form.

Q9: Is approval on the NRL1 form permanent?

A: No, HMRC can withdraw approval if your circumstances change or if you fail to comply with your UK tax obligations.

Q10: Do I still need to complete a UK tax return if I am approved on the NRL1 scheme?

A: Yes, you are still required to declare your rental income on a UK self-assessment tax return.

Q11: Can the NRL1 form be used by companies or trusts?

A: No, companies and trusts must use the NRL2 and NRL3 forms respectively.

Q12: How will I know if my NRL1 application has been approved?

A: HMRC will notify you in writing if your application on the NRL1 form is approved.

Q13: Does submitting an NRL1 form affect my tax status in other countries?

A: Submitting an NRL1 form does not directly affect your tax status in other countries, but you should consider potential implications under international tax laws.

Q14: Can I revoke my NRL1 application once submitted?

A: You can contact HMRC to discuss changes to your application, but revocation might affect the tax treatment of your rental income.

Q15: What should I do if my circumstances change after submitting the NRL1 form?

A: You should inform HMRC as soon as possible if there are any changes to your circumstances that might affect your NRL1 status.

Q16: Will I be automatically registered for self-assessment tax returns after submitting NRL1?

A: Yes, HMRC will typically register you for self-assessment once your NRL1 application is approved.

Q17: Can I authorize an agent to complete the NRL1 form on my behalf?

A: Yes, you can authorize an agent to complete and submit the NRL1 form on your behalf.

Q18: What happens if my NRL1 application is rejected?

A: If your application is rejected, your rental income will be subject to tax deduction at source, and you can appeal the decision or reapply.

Q19: Is there a fee for submitting the NRL1 form?

A: No, there is no fee for submitting the NRL1 form to HMRC.

Q20: How does the NRL1 form impact my UK rental income?

A: The NRL1 form, if approved, allows you to receive your UK rental income without the deduction of tax at source, subject to declaration and payment of tax through self-assessment.



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